Heat stroke is a medical emergency that can be life threatening. It is common during the summer season when the temperature rises.
The National Center for Health Promotion of the Department of Health (DOH) stated that heat stroke is the most severe form of heat injury and happens when the body fails to cool down. According to DOH, heat stroke symptoms such as body temperature between 104 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit start to manifest once the body fails to recover from heat exhaustion. Heat stroke victims are not able to sweat and release excessive heat due to dehydration and humid temperature.
Heat stroke can happen to everyone. Anyone who has direct exposure to sun can experience heat stroke.
It is helpful if you know how to prevent, detect, and manage cases of heat stroke. The Department of Health gives some tips that can help everyone to enjoy summer and prevent heat-related injuries.
Prevention is better than cure. This season, stay safe from heat stroke by doing these measures:
• Limit the amount of time you spent outdoor
• Drink plenty of water
• Avoid tea, coffee, soda, and alcohol
• Wear a wide-brimmed hat and long-sleeved clothing when outdoors
• Schedule heavy-duty activities at the beginning or end of the day, when it’s cooler.
Aside from exposure to the sun, there are also other factors that can cause heat stroke:
• Hot and humid weather
• Vigorous exercise in hot weather
• Too much direct exposure to the sun
• Infants and elderly- prone to dehydration
• Individuals who work outside like construction workers
Heat stroke is preceded by heat exhaustion. Here are the symptoms of heat exhaustion:
• Dizziness or fainting
• Intense thirst, dehydration
• Weakness or discomfort
According to the Department of Health, when your body fails to release the excessive heat, it can develop to heat stroke. Here are the sign and symptoms:
• Unconsciousness or comatose
• Very high core body temperature of 400 C or more
• Hot, dry skin
• Rapid heartbeat
If you saw somebody experiencing heat stroke, here are the emergency measures that you can apply:
• Advise the person to sit in a cool place and let him/her lie down with legs elevated.
• If he or she can drink liquids, have him/her sip cool water.
• Remove his/her clothing, apply cool water to the skin, and fan the person. One can apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles, and groin.
The DOH reminds the public that heat stroke is a medical emergency. Bring the person to nearby hospital after you applied the above first aid tips.